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A discernible gender gap exists in earnings by physicians working across a range of occupations in the United States. That is the finding in a new study, “Trends in the Earnings of Male and Female Health Care Professionals in the United States, 1987 to 2010,” co-authored by Amitabh Chandra, professor of public policy at the Harvard Kennedy School (HKS). The paper was published in the Sept. 2 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine. Chandra and his co-authors examined a range of data over a 23-year period, adjusting for hours worked in order to avoid overstating gender differences attributable to choices made by female physicians to work less. The analysis provided strong evidence that female physicians are underpaid compared to their male counterparts.“Adjusted earnings of male physicians in 1987-1990 exceeded those of female physicians by $33,840 (20 percent). There was no improvement over time in the earnings of female physicians relative to male physicians,” Chandra writes. “Overall, the gender gap fell considerably outside of the health care industry but inconsistently within it.“The gender earnings gap for registered nurses and pharmacists was smaller than for physicians and workers overall, and it fell over time. For dentists, physician assistants, and health care executives, the gender gap was greater than for workers in a non-health care occupation and fell consistently only for health care executives,” he argues.The lessons for policymakers are evident, Chandra says.“While it is important to study gender differences in earnings after accounting for factors such as specialty choice and practice type, it is equally important to understand overall unadjusted gender differences in earnings. We performed the latter study,” he writes. “This is because specialty and practice choices may be due to not only preferences of female physicians but also unequal opportunities. For example, are unadjusted earnings differences between male and female physicians due to a preference of female physicians for lower-paying specialties [pediatrics or primary care] or do female physicians have less opportunity to enter higher-paying specialties despite having similar preferences as male physicians? The etiology of the persistent gender gap in physician earnings is unknown and merits further consideration.”Read the article on the JAMA Internal Medicine website.
Tweet Sharing is caring! Share 52 Views no discussions LocalNews Prosecution closes case in murder trial involving Soufriere family by: – March 7, 2012 Share At day three of the murder trial involving three members of a Soufriere family for the death of their brother the State through the Office of the Director of Public Prosecution has formally closed their case.Herbert XavierA nine member jury will determine whether Herbert Xavier, Lauretta Xavier and Manuella Williams murdered their brother Harrison Williams at Soufriere.It is the prosecution’s contention that on Friday 24th September, 2010 the defendants murdered their brother by beating him with a piece of wood on his head after an argument; an argument which started between Harrison and Herbert.The Court has heard evidence from Adis King the medical doctor who examined the lifeless body of Harrison Williams and pronounced him dead at the Princess Margaret Hospital. Her observations were that he had no respiratory movement, pale mucous membrane and a laceration to the forehead.Lauretta Xavier. Magistrate Candia Carette-George read the pathologist report of Iracele Maria Garcia Pineira which was admitted into evidence during the preliminary examination at the Magistrate Court. That report indicated that Harrison died as a result of “multiple trauma to the head and thorax resulting from internal and external bleeding”. According to the pathologist; “in her opinion, a sharp object with irregular edges could have caused the death of the Harrison Williams”.The wife of Harrison Williams, Jacklyn Williams and his daughter Hershema Williams testified that they both saw Herbert Williams strike Harrison on his head with a piece of wood. They also testified that they saw both Lauretta and Manuella Xavier strike Harrison on the night of 24th September, 2010.Among the other witnesses who testified for the prosecution was Delbert Xavier who is also a brother of the defendants and Harrison, Selwin Anatol, corporal of police Ashworth Gordon, Limron Bernard, investigating Officer Clifford Jno Baptiste and Sandra Henderson.Manuella Williams After lunch on Wednesday Justice Brian Cottle, members of the jury, the prosecution team led by Director of Public prosecutions Gene Pestaina, the Defendants and their attorneys visited the scene of the crime in Soufriere.Defence counsel Dawn Yearwood-Stewart represents Lauretta Xavier, Herbert Xavier is represented by Wayne Norde and Manuella Williams is represented by Ronald Charles.When the trial resumes on Thursday the Defence team will have an opportunity to present their side of the case.Dominica Vibes News Share