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By Wayne CaddyWell, it’s certainly no coincidence that, on the back of numerous New Year’s resolutions made to strive towards healthier lifestyles in 2009, we may have a boost to help us along.Change4Life is the kickstart of a major campaign launch by the Department of Health. The campaign is a society-wide movement, which aims to prevent people from becoming overweight by encouraging them to eat better and move more.Initially, the first stage of the campaign is targeted at young families. Its priority is focused on poor diet and inactive lifestyles and the relationship between the health and happiness of our children and young people.Change4Life predicts nine out of 10 children today could grow up with dangerous amounts of fat in their bodies by the year 2050. This can cause life-threatening diseases, such as cancer, diabetes and heart disease.The campaign is very compelling and hard-hitting, with a simple message based on a great deal of common sense – ’Eat Well, Move More, Live Longer’.So as bakers can we support this campaign? Of course there is the side of bakery that is treat-orientated and I don’t believe this should change at all. Surely the key to a healthier diet and lifestyle is about moderation, frequency and portion size.Bakers should endorse such a campaign and a sub-brand, which is actively encouraged by the campaign. How about Bake4Life?Top Tips to… Bake4Lifel Adopt a product strategy and portfoliol Tell the story through point-of-sale and back up with a poster campaign. Why are your products Bake4Life? And what are the product benefits?l Sugar swaps and snacks are easy wins for kids to swap out of sugar and reduce intake, so target reduced-sugar products or those without added sugarl Use natural sugars such as honeyl Avoid sugary drinks and offer alternatives such as unsweetened fruit juices, milk, water or even sugar-free fizzy drinksl And if kids want to eat treats that taste like treats, then reduce portion sizes to “dinky”l Change4Life recommends healthier snacks, such as breadsticks or cereal barsl Change4Life recommends toast as a breakfast option. Make sure you promote itl Use healthy functional ingredients, typically associated with baking, such as oats, vine fruits, wheatgerm and so on.[http://www.nhs.uk/Change4Life]
Autonomous Warrior, the 2018 Army Warfighting Experiment, will push the boundaries of technology and military capability in the land environment.And one of the key areas it is set to test is the autonomous last mile resupply. The ‘last mile’, which represents the extremely dangerous final approach to the combat zone, is crucial to ensuring soldiers have the food, fuel and ammunition to keep them alive.Autonomous Warrior will test a range of prototype unmanned aerial and ground cargo vehicles which aim to reduce the danger to troops during combat.The British Army is set to launch the four-week exercise on November 12, with a Battlegroup from 1 Armed Infantry brigade providing the exercising troops and taking responsibility of command and control.British soldiers will test and evaluate the effectiveness of robotic and autonomous systems (RAS) on the battlefield.These technological advances will play a key role in the Army’s Strike capability, ensuring our forces remain unmatched on the global stage.Defence Minister Mark Lancaster said: Our Armed Forces continue to push the limits of innovative warfare to ensure that we stay ahead of any adversaries or threats faced on the battlefield. Autonomous Warrior sets an ambitious vision for Army operations in the 21st Century as we integrate drones, unmanned vehicles and personnel into a world-class force for decades to come. Autonomous Warrior will play an integral role within the £800 million Defence Innovation Fund which supports ground-breaking ideas aimed at transforming both defence and British industry.The land-based exercise follows on from the hugely successful ‘Unmanned Warrior’ which the Royal Navy demonstrated autonomous systems diving, swimming and flying together to engage in surveillance, intelligence-gathering and mine countermeasures. As well as demonstrating the vehicles during the last mile, Autonomous Warrior will also develop capabilities in surveillance which will greatly improve the effectiveness of long-range and precision targeting by service personnel.The exercise is the result of a large collaboration between the British Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force, US Army, MOD, Dstl and around 50 industry participants.The new Chief of the General Staff, Gen Mark Carleton-Smith, who will give his first address in his new role at the conference, setting out the backdrop of a “darkening geo-political picture” as he calls for British forces to be “combat ready today and prepared for tomorrow”.Giving the closing address, Gen Carleton-Smith will stress the need for British forces to work with their allies not just in the battlefield, but also in the virtual world. He will warn that “we live in exceptionally unstable times and that the world has never been more unpredictable”.As he describes how “the nature of warfare is broadening beyond the traditional physical domains” he will add that 21st Century battlefield requires non-traditional skills, beyond those normally associated with careers in Army, to ensure British forces remain world leaders. We need a more proactive, threat-based approach to our capability planning, including placing some big bets on those technologies that we judge may offer exponential advantage because given the pace of the race, to fall behind today is to cede an almost unquantifiable advantage from which it might be impossible to recover. Gen Mark Carleton-Smith will say:
For decades, neurologists have known that a diet high in fat and extremely low in carbohydrates can reduce epileptic seizures that resist drug therapy. But how the diet worked, and why, was a mystery — so much so that in 2010, The New York Times Magazine called it “Epilepsy’s Big, Fat Miracle.”Now, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) and Harvard Medical School (HMS) have proposed an answer, linking resistance to seizures to a protein that modifies cellular metabolism in the brain. The research, to be published in the May 24 issue of the journal Neuron, may lead to the development of new treatments for epilepsy.The research was led jointly by Nika Danial, HMS assistant professor of cell biology at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Gary Yellen, professor of neurobiology at Harvard Medical School. The first author was Alfredo Giménez-Cassina, a research fellow in Danial’s lab.Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by an electrical storm in the brain that can manifest as convulsions, loss of motor control, or loss of consciousness. Some epilepsy cases can be improved by a diet that drastically reduces sugar intake. Such a diet causes neurons to switch from their customary fuel of sugar to fat byproducts called ketone bodies. The diet, which mimics the effects of starvation, was described more than 80 years ago and received renewed interest in the 1990s. Recent studies corroborate that it works, but shed little light on how.Yellen was introduced to the ketogenic diet by his wife, Elizabeth Thiele, professor of neurology at HMS and director of the Pediatric Epilepsy Program at MassGeneral Hospital for Children, who was not involved in the study.“The connection between metabolism and epilepsy has been such a puzzle,” said Yellen. “I’ve met a lot of kids whose lives are completely changed by this diet. It’s amazingly effective, and it works for many kids for whom drugs don’t work.”The discovery involves a protein with the tongue-twisting name of “BCL-2-associated agonist of cell death,” or BAD, which has a role in the normal process of cell death. Danial had previously discovered a second function for the protein: It also regulates glucose metabolism.Giménez-Cassina further discovered that certain modifications in BAD switched metabolism in brain cells from glucose to ketone bodies.“It was then that we realized we had come upon a metabolic switch to do what the ketogenic diet does to the brain without any actual dietary therapy,” said Gimenez-Cassina. He went on to show that these same BAD modifications protect against seizures in experimental models of epilepsy. Still, it wasn’t clear exactly how.Yellen suspected the answer involved potassium ion channels. Ion channels are pathways through cell membranes that allow the passage of certain kinds of charged molecules that, among other things, help carry nerve signals. Potassium channels tend to suppress cell electrical activity.Yellen’s lab had previously linked ketone bodies like those from the high-fat epilepsy diet to the activation of a type of potassium channel in neurons. Yellen hypothesized that the diet worked because ketone bodies from fat provide enough neurons to fuel normal function, but when a seizure threatens, the associated potassium channel can shut the storm down. Dietary effects, however, are broad and complex, so it was impossible to say for sure.The effects that Danial’s lab had discovered — BAD’s ability to alter metabolism and seizures — offered a new avenue for studying the therapeutic effects of altered metabolism. Together, the researchers decided to investigate whether Danial’s protein switch governed Yellen’s potassium pathway, and whether they could reverse engineer the seizure protection of a ketogenic diet.They could. Working in genetically altered mice, the researchers modified the BAD protein to reduce glucose metabolism and increase ketone body metabolism in the brain. Seizures decreased, but the benefit was erased when they knocked out the associated potassium channel — strong evidence that the protein-channelpathway conferred resistance to epileptic seizures. Further experiments suggested that it was indeed BAD’s role in metabolism, not cell death, that mattered. The findings make the BAD protein a promising target for new epilepsy drugs.“Diet sounds like this wholesome way to treat seizures, but it’s very hard. I mean, diets in general are hard, and this diet is really hard,” said Yellen. “So finding a pharmacological substitute for this would make lots of people really happy.”
New French plan aims to double nation’s renewable energy capacity in 10 years FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Reuters:France plans to double its renewable energy capacity with a system of regular tenders under a draft 10-year energy strategy plan published on Friday.The so-called PPE plan, which lays out capacity targets for various energy sectors over the 2019-2023 and 2024-28 periods, also confirmed that four to six nuclear reactors – including two in Fessenheim – will be closed by 2028, as announced late last year.France aims to boost electrical renewable energy capacity – including hydropower – from 48.6 gigawatts (GW) end 2017 to 74 GW in 2023 and 113 GW in 2028, mainly by boosting wind and solar.Through regular tenders, onshore wind installed capacity will be more than doubled from 13.5 GW at the end of 2017 to about 25 GW in 2023 and about 35 GW in 2028. Offshore wind capacity will rise from zero today to 2.4 GW in 2023 and about 5 GW in 2028, while solar capacity is set to grow from 7.7 GW at the end of 2017 to 21 GW in 2023 and about 40 GW in 2028.In fixed-foundation offshore wind, the government plans tenders for 500 megawatt (MW) this year at a price of less than 70 euros per megawatt hour, 1,000 MW in 2020 at 65 MWh and 1,000 to 1,500 MW at 60 MWh in 2023-24.It also wants to kick of floating offshore wind with a first tender for 250 MW at 120 euros per MWh in 2021, followed by 250 MW in 2022 and 250 to 500 MW in 2024. From 2025 onwards, it plans one 500 MW project per year, either fixed or floating.More: France to double renewables capacity under 10-year energy plan
Tucked into the far western reaches of North Carolina where the Blue Ridge Mountains of the Nantahala National Forest give way to the rugged terrain of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the Tsali Recreation Area is home to 40-plus miles of purpose nationally renowned mountain biking trails that draw riders from all over the country. Not only are the trails here fun, flowy and fast, but the scenery they provide is unparalleled, looking out over the blue waters of Lake Fontana into the wild woodlands of Great Smoky Mountains National Park.“We’re really lucky to have some of the best trails in the state right here in our backyard,” says Diane Cutler of Bryson City Bicycles in downtown Bryson City—a quaint outdoor mecca situated just 12 miles from the Tsali trail system.Diane is an avid mountain biker herself who rides Tsali frequently, but more often than not she can be found in her Bryson City shop renting out high end bikes for surprisingly reasonable prices and dishing out some of her hard-earned knowledge to Tsali newcomers.“The trail system in Tsali consists of four excellent loops which contain some of the the flowiest hard packed singletrack you’ll find in Western North Carolina,” she says. “It makes for a fast, fun ride and is accessible to intermediate and more adventurous beginner riders.”The TrailsThe four intermediate to moderate loops that make up the Tsali Recreation Area are the Thompson Loop, Mouse Branch Loop, Left Loop and Right Loop.The multi-use trails are enjoyed by mountain bikers, trail runners, hikers, and horseback riders with an alternating schedule that keeps horses and bikes on separate trails each day. Trails are best described as fast, flowy, hard-packed singletrack and three of the four loops offer a stunning overlook of Lake Fontana and the surrounding Smoky Mountains. The trails are maintained by the local Nantahala Area SORBA.Left and Right LoopsWhile all of the trails in the Tsali Recreation Area are great for mountain biking, the Left and Right Loops are undoubtedly the more scenic of the four loops.Left Loop, which totals 13.9 miles in length, is usually ridden clockwise from the trailhead. It starts the rider off with a descent towards Lake Fontana. Once you reach the lake, passing the remains of an old homesite along the way, the trail will continue to hug its banks for a while offering great views of the reservoir below. Eventually you will arrive at the trail for Cliff Overlook, which is well worth the climb as it offers even better views of Fontana and Great Smoky Mountains National Park to the north.One you’ve taken in the view from Cliff Overlook, you can either hop on the County Line Road— which divides the Left and Right Loops—and head back toward the trailhead or, if you’re feeling ambitious, continue on to the Right Loop Trail. If you opt to go this route, you’ll meander along the opposite side of the peninsula for several more miles before ending up back at the trailhead where you started. Those taking on the Right Loop Trail should consider making a detour up to the Windy Gap Overlook.Thompson and Mouse Branch LoopsShorter than the Right and Left Loop trails, Mouse Branch and Thompson Loop each have their own unique draw. Thompson is the mildest trail of the system and is loved for its smooth flow while Mouse Branch offers a rough and tumble overlook loop. Those who combine the two loops can expect a 16 mile ride with something in the neighborhood of 1,800 feet of elevation gain and descent. Like the Left and Right Loops, Mouse Branch Overlook offers another great vista which gazes out upon the lake toward Great Smoky Mountain National Park. IMPORTANT NOTE TO MOUNTAIN BIKERS: Tsali trail use routes alternate with horse back riders, meaning that when the Left and Right Loops are open the mountain bikers, the Mouse and Thompson Branch Loops will be open only to equestrians and vise versa. If you’re unsure of which trail is open to mountain bikers on any given day, give Bryson City Bicycles a call.Where to StayIf you’re looking to make your trip to Tsali a multi-day adventure you’re in luck. There is great little campground right next door to the trail with 42 first come, first serve sites for tents, trailers and RVs. Snag a spot here, and you’ll be able to ride straight to the trailhead from the comfort of your campsite.If camping isn’t your style, there are ample lodging options in nearby Bryson City from cabin rentals and hotels to Air BnBs and traditional bed and breakfasts.The HistoryThe Tsali Recreation Area is named for a Cherokee man who once called the valley home. During the forced removal of the Cherokee from their beloved ancestral homelands, which took place during the tenure of U.S. President Andrew Jackson, a Cherokee man name Tsali was taken captive like so many others and led on a march that would ultimately become the Trail of Tears. Tsali, however, managed to overtake his captors, agents of the U.S. government, with help from his fellow detainees, and fled into the hills and valleys that are now buried deep below the surface of Lake Fontana. Click here for a more in depth look at the legend of Tsali.
By Andréa Barretto/Diálogo March 19, 2018 The Brazilian Army (EB, in Portuguese) took one more step toward expanding its firing capacity through the acquisition of 40 M992A2 vehicles. The U.S.-made equipment is due to arrive in Brazil in the second half of 2018. The M992A2 is a special field artillery ammunition support armored vehicle originally used by the U.S. Army. Its internal components were built to store munitions for the M109 family of howitzers, which EB also acquired and upgraded to the M109A5+ version. “When used in military operations, the M992A2 is generally paired with an M109 howitzer,” said Lieutenant Colonel André Luís Ferreira Nogueira, assistant to the Class 9 Armored Vehicles Section for EB’s Directorate of Materiel. Both vehicle models—the M992A2 and the M109—are part of the complete set of military equipment that the U.S. military made available through a donation under the Foreign Military Sales program. The M992A2 units arriving in 2018 will be the first artillery of this kind in EB. A technical committee of EB’s Logistics Command—a team of two engineers and three mechanics—selected each of the vehicles on a visit to the warehouse in the United States, in December 2016. “We selected the armored vehicles that were in the best state of repair according to certain criteria that we established, such as engine, wheel drive, and condition of the tracks,” Lt. Col. Nogueira explained. “Through our assessment of these items, we arrived at a final grade for each vehicle. Those with the highest grades were chosen,” Lt. Col. Nogueira said. The field artillery ammunition support vehicles will undergo maintenance once in Brazil. The objective is for a detailed inspection, such as radiator leaks, oil leaks, and other issues. “There won’t be any changes to the vehicle design. The inspections will only be for revisions and specific repairs needed to operate the equipment,” indicated the Brazilian Army Social Communications Center. The work will be done at the Regional Maintenance Center for the 5th Military Region, a unit specialized in armored vehicle maintenance. Once the phase is completed, the 40 M992A2 vehicles will be sent to the 5th Armored Infantry Brigade (5ª Bda C Bld, in Portuguese) and the 6th Armored Infantry Brigade, which fall under EB’s Southern Military Command. Both brigades will also receive the M109A5+ units. Teamwork On March 8th, the first four howitzers version M109A5+ were unloaded from a ship arriving from the United States in the port of Paranaguá, in the south of Brazil. In all, 32 howitzers will be delivered. Unlike the M992A2, the M109A5 armored vehicles receive upgrades at facilities in the United States before shipping to EB. With the improvement, the howitzers will go from the A5 to the A5+ version. M109 Howitzers are heavy self-propelled weapons mounted on vehicles that can be deployed on the ground. The equipment is commonly mistaken for cannons. “But cannons fire straight, while howitzers make a curve shot,” pointed out EB Lieutenant Colonel Sanzio Ricardo Rocha Gusmão, commander of the 5th Self-Propelled Artillery Group, of the 5ª Bda C Bld. When in operation, M109 howitzers need the M992A2 to reload their munitions—which explains the coordinated use of these armored vehicles. When firing, field artillery ammunition support vehicles position themselves very close to the howitzer. Service members manually remove the munitions in the M992A2 through the rear of the vehicle for transfer to the howitzer team, who load the weapon. Munitions used are 155-millimeter artillery grenades. They can be self-explosive, illuminating, or smoke (to spread smoke over the area) grenades, among others, depending on the mission of the armored vehicles. “However, the caliber doesn’t change. It’s always 155 millimeters, because that’s the caliber used on the howitzer,” Lt. Col. Nogueira said. Training An M992A2 crew is made up of a driver and two service members to unload munitions from the vehicle during operations. To operate these new armored vehicles, the brigades plan to train with a focus on loading and unloading munitions. Lt. Col. Nogueira believes service members will easily adapt to driving the M992A2, as they are already used to the M109 howitzers. Both armored vehicles are mounted on the same model of chassis and have the same drive structure. EB has close to 35 M109 (M109A3 version), which it acquired throughout the 2000s—armored brigades use the vehicles.
By Voice of America (VOA)/Edited by Diálogo Staff October 26, 2020 On September 29, the U.S. Department of State announced a $10 million reward for information “leading to the arrest and/or conviction” of a former senior intelligence official of the Venezuelan regime, as well as $5 million for each of two former Venezuelan officials due to their connection with narcotrafficking.All three are currently fugitives from justice.One is Pedro Luis Martín-Olivares, identified as the former head of Venezuela’s Economic Intelligence Services, who was indicted in the Southern District of Florida in 2015 for distribution of a controlled substance, “knowing that such controlled substance would be unlawfully imported into the United States,” the Department of State reported.Martín-Olivares, for whom a $10 million reward is being offered, is accused of possession and conspiracy to import the substances mentioned in the report.The Department of State is also offering a reward for information leading to the capture and prosecution of Rodolfo McTurk-Mora and Jesús Alfredo Itriago.McTurk-Mora, former head of Interpol in Venezuela, was accused in the same Florida judicial district in 2013 of “conspiracy to import cocaine, importation of cocaine into the United States, possession with the intent to distribute cocaine, and corrupting and impeding an official.”Meanwhile, Itriago, who served as head of Venezuela’s Antinarcotics Division at the Scientific, Penal, and Criminal Investigations Corps, was accused in Florida, in January 2013, of “conspiracy to distribute a controlled substance […], knowing that such controlled substance would be unlawfully imported into the United States.”Itriago’s accusation further alleges that the violation “involved five kilograms or more of a mixture and substance containing a detectable amount of cocaine.”The announcement comes under the Department of State’s Narcotics Rewards Program.In March 2020, the U.S. government filed charges against Nicolás Maduro for alleged connections to narcotrafficking, and offered a $15 million reward for his capture.Other Maduro regime leaders that the United States is seeking are Diosdado Cabello, president of the regime’s illegitimate National Constituent Assembly; Tareck El Aissami, nominal vice president of Economy; and Hugo Carvajal, former director of the Venezuelan Army’s counterintelligence services.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A 25-year-old Port Jefferson Station woman is in critical condition after a crash Friday on the Long Island Expressway injured her and two others, Suffolk County police said.Suffolk police detectives are investigating the crash that critically injured Bahar Kaya, the driver of a 2011 Chevrolet Cruze, when she was struck from behind by a 2002 Dodge Durango as she was traveling west with her sister at 9 a.m. near exit 57, police said.Kaya was transported to Stony Brook University Hospital along with her 22-year-old sister, Nese Kaya, who suffered non-life-threatening injuries, police said.The 19-year-old woman behind the wheel of the Durango was taken to the hospital with non-life-threatening injuries, police said.The crash sparked a second collision involving three other vehicles, police said, but nobody was injured.The investigation is continuing, police said. The department is asking anyone who may have witnessed the crash to contact Fourt Squad Detectives at 631-854-8452.
Ecuador’s government is preparing an emergency burial ground on land donated by a private cemetery in Guayaquil, the country’s largest city, to address a shortage of burial plots as the novel coronavirus hits the Andean country hard.As of Tuesday, the country had 3,995 confirmed cases of the coronavirus and 220 deaths, with 182 more deaths suspected of being linked to the virus. The outbreak has sparked a shortage of wooden coffins, prompting some people to bury their relatives in cardboard boxes donated by cemeteries.Large lines of cars carrying coffins waited outside private cemeteries across the city this week, as families waited for hours for a chance to bury their deceased relatives. The outbreak has overwhelmed hospitals and emergency services, with some families keeping dead bodies in their homes for days. President Lenin Moreno said last week that some 3,500 people could die from the coronavirus in Guayas province, home to 68% of the country’s cases and where Guayaquil is located.Among the dead so far have been seven nurses, according to the Guayas College of Nurses, which added that some 147 nurses had been infected and 120 had resigned for fear of contagion.”Each day, the number of staff is falling,” said Lilia Triana, the organization’s president. Topics : The government, which last week began storing the bodies of coronavirus victims in giant refrigerated containers until graves were prepared, is aiming to bury some 100 people a day at the cemetery in northern Guayaquil, which has the capacity for some 2,000 plots.Jorge Wated, who is coordinating the government’s response to the handling of the dead, said the government was conducting burials itself and would publish a guide on the internet to ensure relatives knew where their loved ones were buried.”At the cemetery, they will be buried person by person, without cost to the families,” Wated said.The city of Guayaquil also said it would prepare two public cemeteries with the capacity to handle some 12,000 plots.
Sharing is caring! Share HealthLifestyle Pepsi Introduces Fat Blocking Soda by: – November 14, 2012 Soda and healthy aren’t exactly synonymous, but Pepsi-Cola in Japan is trying to change that with a new fiber-infused drink.Dubbed the “Pepsi Special,” the soft drink set to go on sale Tuesday contains dextrin, a fiber that distributor Suntory claims helps reduce fat levels in the body.Eager to appeal to young, health-conscious men, Pepsi has put out a comical ad on its website showing a businessman trying to chose between a woman dressed in a pizza costume and another in a burger outfit. The message – you don’t have to give up either, if you drink the Pepsi Special.Odd-flavored drinks are not unique in Japan’s $48 billion a year soft-drink market. Past Pepsi flavors include strawberry and milk, salty watermelon, and yogurt, to name a few.This is Pepsi’s first venture into the healthy cola market. Rival Kirin, better known for its beer, released its own sugar-free, dextrin soda this summer: the “Mets” cola.By Akiko Fujita, ABC News Share Share 20 Views no discussions Tweet